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Archaic Words in the NIV

Archaic Words in the NIV

by Dr. Laurence M. Vance

The following list of archaic words in the New International Version (NIV) is taken from the 560-page, intensive and detailed work entitled, “Archaic Words and the Authorized Version,” by Dr. Laurence M. Vance.

As we have seen throughout the main body of this work, archaic words are not limited to the AV. Not only do modem versions often retain the supposedly archaic words found in the AV, but many times a more formidable word is used to correct a perfectly understandable word or phrase in the AV. This appendix gives those places in the NIV where a simple word or phrase in the AV is replaced by a more difficult word, the base or root form of a word is unnecessarily extended, and those instances where an archaic or somewhat arduous word in the AV is replaced by an equally archaic or even more onerous word. In two respects, however, this list is not intended to be exhaustive. Not listed are those cases where a word or phrase in the AV is replaced by two or more words in the NIV; however, singular words in the NIV that update a small phrase in the AV are included. And secondly, due to the tremendous size of the Bible itself, an exhaustive list would not be suitable for inclusion as an appendix.


abasement—— Ezra 9:5————— heaviness
abashed ———Is 24:23—————- confounded
abutted ———–Ezek 40:18———– over against
acclamation —-2 Chr 15:14———– voice
aghast———— Is 13:8—————– amazed
alcove———— Ezek 40:13———– little chamber
annotations —–2 Chr 13:22———- story
armless———- Num 31:50———– chains
bewilderment —Acts 2:6————– confounded
blunted———— Ps 58:7————– cut in pieces
blustering——– Job 8:2————— strong
breakers———- Ps 93:4————– waves
brooches——— Ex 35:22————- bracelets
brood————– Is 57:4—————- children
burnished——— Dan 10:6———— polished
carnelian———- Rev 4:3————– sardine
charioteers——- I Sam 13:5———- horsemen
citron————— Rev 18:12———– thyine
colonnade——– I Ki 7:6—————- porch
commemorate— Ex 13:3————– remember
cooing————– Song 2:12———- voice
cors—————— I Ki 4:22———— measures
curds—————- Gen 18:8———– butter
dappled————- Zec 6:6———— gristled
debauchery——– Gal 5:19———— lasciviousness
decimated———- 2 Sam 21:5—— destroyed
dejected————- Gen 40:6———- sad
deluded————— Is 44:20———- deceived
denarii—————- Matt 18:28——- pence
denarius————– Matt 20:2——– penny
desecrate———— Lev 21:12——- profane
despoil—————- Jer 30:16——- give for a prey
detachment———- John 18:3——- band
disheartened——– Ezek 13:22—– sad
disillusionment—— Ps 7:14———- falsehood
dissipation———— I Pet 4:4——— riot
drachmas————- Ezra 2:69——- drams
dragnet—————- Hab 1:15——– drag
duplicity—————- Lk 20:23——– craftiness
elation—————— Pro 28:12——- glory
embedded———— Ecc 12:11——- fastened
embitter—————- Ps 73:21——– grieved
embodiment———- Rom 2:20——- form
emphatically———- Mk 14:31——– vehemently
encouragingly——– 2 Chr 30:22—– comfortably
encrouch————— Pro 23:10——- enter
engulf——————–Ps 69:2———- overflow
enrollment————–2 Chr 17:14—— numbers
enthralled————– Ps 45:11———- greatly desire
enveloped————- Lk 9:34————-overshadowed
exasperate———— Eph 6:4———— provoke
exterminate———– Ezek 25:7——— perish
exult——————— Is 14:8————– rejoice
factions—————– I Ki 16:21——— parts
famished————— Is 8:21————- hungry
fattened—————– I Sam 28:24—– fat
faultfinders————- Jude 16———– complainers
fawns——————– Song 4:5———- roes
fellowman————– Micah 2:2——— man
festival—————— Ex 5:1————– feast
festive——————- I Sam 25:8——– good
fieldstones————- Deut 27:6———- whole stones
figurehead————- Acts 28:11——– sign
filigree—————— Ex 28:20———– enclosings
fishnets—————– Ezek 26:5———- nets
flagstaff—————– Is 30:17————- beacon
flank——————— Ezek 34:21——– side
fleeting—————– Ps 89:47———— short
flinging—————– Acts 22:23———- threw
flogged—————- Acts 5:40———— beaten
floodgates———— Gen 7:11———— windows
fluttering—————- Is 16:2————— wandering
fomenting————– Is 59:13————- speaking
forded—————— Josh 2:23———— passed over
forevermore———- Jude 25————– for ever
frolic——————— Ps 104:26———- play
fruitage—————– Is 27:9—————- fruit
gadfly—————— Jer 46:20————- destruction
gaiety——————- Is 24:8—————- mirth
galled——————- I Sam 18:8———- displeased
gateway—————- Gen 19:1———— gate
gaunt ——————–Gen 41:3———— leanfleshed
gauntness————– Job 16:8———— leanness
gecko——————– Lev 11:30———- ferret
glancing—————– Ex 2:12————- looked
glint———————– Hab 3:11———– light
glistening————— Job 41:32———- shine
gloat———————- Ps 30:1————- rejoice
gloom——————– Job 10:21———- darkness
glutted——————– Ezek 39:19——– full
goblet——————— Is 51:17———— cup
goum——————— Gen 14:1———– nations
grapevine————— James 3:12——- vine
Hades——————– Rev 20:14——— hell
harrowing—————- Is 28:24———— break the clods
haunt———————- Ps 44:19———– place
headwaters————- Gen 2:10 ———–heads
hoopoe——————- Lev 11:19———- lapwing
horde———————- Ezek 17:17——- army
ibex———————— Deut 14:5—– —- pygarg
ignoble——————– 2 Tim 2:20——– dishonour
impaled——————- Ezra 6:11———- hanged
imperishable————- I Cor 15:50——- incorruption
impetuous—————- Hab 1:6———— hasty
improvise—————– Amos 6:5——— invent
incited———————- I Chr 21:1——– provoked
incurs———————- Pro 9:7———— getteth
indestructible———— Heb 7:16——— endless
indignant—————— Mk 10:41——– displeased
indispensable———– I Cor 12:22——- necessary
infamy——————— Is 44:11———– ashamed
innumerable————- 2 Chr 12:3——– without number
insolence—————- Jer 48:30———- wrath
insolent——————- Rom 1:30——— despiteful
jeered——————— 2 Ki 2:23———- mocked
joists———————– 2 Chr 34:11—— couplings
jowls———————– Deut 18:3——— cheeks
kingship—————— I Sam 10:16—— kingdom
lifeboat——————- Acts 27:30——– boat
magi———————- Matt 2:1———— wise men
mainstay—————- Jer 49:25———- chief
marauders————- Job 12:6———— robbers
marshaled————– Job 32:14——— directed
mattocks—————– I Sam 13:20—– courter
maxiums—————- Job 13:12——— remembrances
melodious————— Ps 81:2———– pleasant
memorandum———- Ezra 6:2———– record
mina———————– Lk 19:16———- pound
misdemeanor———- Acts 18:14——– wrong
naive———————- Rom 16:18——- simple
nationality————— Est 2:10———— people
naught——————– Is 40:23———— nothing
Negev——————– Gen 12:9———- South
Nephilim—————– Gen 6:4———— giants
nightfall——————- 2 Sam 19:7——- night
noonday—————— 2 Sam 4:5——– noon
Nubians—————— Dan 11:43——– Ethiopians
nuggets—————— Job 22:24——— gold
nurtured——————- Lam 4:5———- brought
oarsmen—————— Ezek 27:26—— rowers
oblivion——————– Ps 88:12——— forgetfulness
obscenity—————– Eph 5:4———– filthiness
offal———————— Ex 29:14———- dung
officiate——————- 2 Ki 17:32——- sacrificed
opportune—————- Mk 6:1———— convenient
ore————————- Job 28:2———- stone
overawed—————- Ps 49:16——— afraid
overweening———— Is 16:6———— very
parapet——————- Deut 22:8——- battlement
plied———————– Lk 23:9———- questioned
pinions——————– Deut 32:11—– wings
porphyry——————- Est 1:6———- red
portent——————— Is 20:3———– wonder
portico——————— I Ki 6:3———- porch
poultice——————- 2 Ki 20:7——– lump
Praetorium————— Matt 27:27—– common hall
prefects——————– Dan 3:3——–governors
proconsul—————– Acts 13:8——-deputy
profligate—————— Deut 21:20—- glutton
promiscuity————— Ezek 16:26—- whoredoms
qualm———————- Jude 12———- fear
rabble———————- Num 11:4——- mixed multitude
ramparts——————- Hab 2:11——- tower
rawboned—————– Gen 49:14—– strong
reeked——————— Ex 8:14——— stank
repointing—————– I Sam 13:21— sharpen
reposes——————- Pro 14:33—— resteth
reputed——————– Gal 2:9———- seemed
resound——————– I Chr 16:32—– roar
resplendent————— Ps 76:4——— glorious
reveled——————– Neh 9:25——– delighted themselves
revelry———————- Is 22:13——— gladness
revening—————— Jer 2:30———- destroying
rifts————————- Jer 2:6———— pits
sachet——————– Song 1:13——– bundle
satraps——————- Est 3:12———– lieutenants
sheathed—————– Ps 68:13——— covered
siegeworks————– Ecc 9:14———- bulwarks
simplehearted———- Ps 116:6———- simple
sistrums—————— 2 Sam 6:5——– comets
squall——————— Mk 4:37———— storm of wind
stadia——————– Rev 14:20———- furlongs
stag———————- Song 2:9———— hart
stipulations————- Deut 4:45———– testimonies
suckling—————– I Sam 7:9———— sucking
sullen——————— I Ki 21:5————- sad
temperate————– I Tim 3:11———– sober
tempest—————– Ps 55:8————– storm
terebinth—————- Hos 4:13———— elms
tethered—————– 2 Ki 7:10———— tied
thong——————— Lk 3:16————– latchet
thornbush————— Is 55:13————– thorn
thundercloud———– Ps 81:7————– thunder
timidity—————— 2 Tim 1:7————- fear
tinder——————– Is 1:31—————– tow
torrent——————- Rev 12:15———— flood
tranquillity————– Ecc 4:6————— quietness
transcends———— Phil 4:7—————- passeth
transplanted———- Ezek 17:10———– planted
tresses—————– Song 7:5————– galleries
tumult——————- I Sam 14:19———- noise
turbulent————— Gen 49:4————– unstable
tyrannical————– Pro 28:16———— oppressor
tyranny—————– Is 54:14————— oppression
underlings———— 2 Ki 19:6————– servants
vassal—————– 2 Ki 24:1————– servant
vaunts—————– Job 15:25————- strengtheneth
vent——————– Job 20:23————- cast
verdant————— Song 1:16————- green
vestments———– Ezra 3:10————– apparel
vexed—————– Ps 112:10————- grieved
wadi—————— Num 34:5————— river
waylaid————– I Sam 15:2————- laid wait for
waywardness—— Hosea 14:4———– backsliding
weakling———— Joel 3:10————— weak
wily——————- Job 5:13—————- froward
windstorm———- Is 29:6—————— storm
wrenched———– Gen 32:25———— out of joint
wretches———— Matt 21:41———– wicked men
yearling————– Is 11:6—————– fatling

Archaic Words and the Authorized Version
By Dr. Laurence M. Vance

As suitable for reading as it is valuable for reference this book provides an explicit and comprehensive examination of every word in the Authorized Version of the Bible that has been deemed archaic, obsolete, antiquated, or otherwise outmoded. The result is both a fascinating and encyclopedic study of words -their meaning, derivation, usage, and significance. The thesis of this seminal work is that the Authorized Version is no more archaic than daily newspapers, current magazines, and modem Bible versions. This book is unique in that it seeks neither to criticize nor to correct the text of the Authorized Version. Extensively documented with over 5,000 footnotes, the book contains twenty-four chapters and fourteen appendixes, with a preface, introduction, epilogue, and bibliography. 589 Pages